About the Romanian language
The Romanian language is an Indo-European language, from the Italic group and from the Oriental subgroup of the Romance languages. Among the Romance languages, Romanian is the fifth according to the number of speakers, after the languages Spanish, Portuguese, French, Italian.
The Romanian language is spoken worldwide by 28 million people, of whom approx. 24 million have it as their mother tongue. Of the total number of speakers, over 17 million are in Romania, where Romanian (the Dacoromanian dialect) is the official language.
Romanian speakers are also found in many other Western countries (due to emigration), such as Italy, Spain, the United States, Canada, France, Portugal, Cyprus, Germany or Australia. Over 3,000,000 Romanian speakers live legally in Europe and North America.
Romanian is one of the five languages in which religious services are held in the monastic state of the Mount Athos, an autonomous region in Greece, being spoken in the hermitages of Prodromu and Lacu.
The extremes of the Romanian linguistic area are in the west in the basin of the middle course of the Danube (Croatia, Slovenia, Slovakia and Poland) and in the east, beyond the Dniester.
The influence of other languages on the Romanian language
The language was an Indo-European language, from the Thracian branch (or vice versa), spoken in the past in parts of the territories of today’s Bulgaria, Romania, Serbia, Slovakia, Ukraine and Hungary. It is supposed to have been the first language to influence the Latin spoken in Dacia, but little is known about this language.
Slavic languages. The Slavic influence was the first to occur during the formation of the Romanian language, due to the migration of the Slavic tribes (who crossed the territory of today’s Romania). Slavic influence is felt both phonetically and lexically. Up to 20% of the vocabulary of the Romanian language is of Slavic origin (to love, voice, need, friend). However, many Slavic words are archaisms and it is estimated that only 10% of the modern Romanian lexicon is of Slavic origin.
The grammar of the Romanian language
Romanian nouns are declined according to gender (feminine, masculine and neuter), number (singular and plural) and case (nominative/accusative, dative/genitive and vocative). The article, like adjectives and pronouns, agrees in gender and number with the noun it determines. Romanian has four verb conjugations. Verbs can be put into four personal moods, namely (indicative, subjunctive, conditional-optative and imperative) and four impersonal moods (infinitive, gerund, supine and participle).
Translations into/from Romanian
At the Valley Center offices, we have over 10 years of experience in translating documents into/from Romanian and foreign languages.
We can translate for you personal documents such as birth certificates, marriage certificates, school or college diplomas, transcripts, records, personal medical documents, etc. For companies we can translate internal documents from the legal, economic, financial, software and web application fields.
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